Java中常见的类型转换

Java中常见的类型转换:

1.Java enum枚举与int类型互转:

假设枚举类型声明如下:

/**
* 状态枚举
*/
enum StateType{
    Idle,   //站立状态
    Fight,  //进攻状态
    Dead,   //死亡状态
}
  • enum->int
    ordinal()方法:返回枚举值在枚举中的顺序

    int state = StateType.Idle.ordinal();//返回结果:0
  • int->enum

    StateType mType = StateType.values()[i];

    i是所要获得的枚举类型值在枚举中声明的序号,例如:i=0,则mType = StateType.Idle

  • enum->String

    String name = StateType.Idle.name();//返回:Idle
  • String->enum
 String name = "Fight";
 StateType mType = StateType.valueOf(name);//返回:StateType.Fight

2.Java Stringbyte[]互转:

可以指定字符串的编码格式,防止乱码,最常用的编码方式是utf-8
- String->byte[]

String str = "哈哈哈";
byte[] datas = str.getBytes("utf-8");
  • byte[]->String
String str = new String(datas,"utf-8");
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